By definition, a concussion is a “brain injury caused by a hit to the head or body that causes sudden jarring of the brain inside the skull”.

So how do you know if you have sustained a concussion or a type of brain injury?

Even with a CAT scan or MRI, you can be told that everything is normal, however, you may still be experiencing headaches and even migraines that just do not seem to go away.

Often, people are told that the symptoms will go away in a few weeks, but often they do not, have not and sometimes even stronger symptoms present themselves and continue to persist.

These symptoms impact every aspect of your life, whether you are a student, a professional, you work from home or are playing the sport that you love. You are simply not able to function like you did prior to the injury.

Symptoms and Complaints

Are you experiencing any of the following complaints? If so, then you most likely have suffered from a concussion. It is common that a concussion can be present in the absence of confirmation by MRI or CAT Scans.




Memory Changes


Light/Noise Intolerance

Disrupted Sleep Patterns

Changes in Mood/Behaviour

Blurred Vision/Slurred Speech

Changes in sense of Smell/Taste

Common Symptoms

(but not limited to, as no two concussions are alike).

  • Headaches and dizziness can be experienced with differing levels of intensity/severity as well as the length of time these symptoms remain present.
  • The dizziness and nausea may occur on and off during the day or linger for hours and vomiting daily may occur in more severe situations.
  • Light, noise, overstimulation and screens can be the biggest triggers.
  • Light intensifies the feelings of unwellness, and the headaches and can be very frequent, intolerable or they can be reduced. It is very common to want to close the blinds, remain in a darkened room and also wear dark sunglasses indoors so that the light does not trigger or bother you. Noise can make everything feel worse.
  • Screens can make all of your symptoms worse. These can be a computer, television or cell phone screen. You may find that even looking at a screen for a very short period of time exacerbate your symptoms where you have to take a break in order for your symptoms to subside.
  • Vision is impacted and often moving your eyes in different directions hurts the eyes the head and can cause blurred vision.
  • Trouble sleeping, staying asleep or even falling asleep is a common side effect which further drains your energy as you are not able to get a good night’s rest. Naps are required during the day as even when you do sleep, it is not deep and restful enough to promote the body’s natural ability to regenerate and repair while we are sleeping.
  • Energy levels are greatly reduced due to poor sleep or no sleep.

Your brain just does not feel right or work right. You have a lot of difficulty with concentration. When you use your eyes, It hurts your brain which may increase your headaches. Your brain can feel like it is in a constant fog and your short-term memory has disappeared. You are misplacing things, forgetting names even of those close to you.

  • It is difficult to learn new things. You may feel more confused. You might find it hard to initiate or complete activities. Decision making may become impaired.
  • Your smell and taste may be off. Food does not taste the same way as it used to and in some cases the food you do eat has no taste. You may experience smells more intensely or you may find it difficult to smell anything as well as everything in between these two extremes.
  • Finding the right words to communicate what you are trying to say as well as slurred speech and difficulty in putting sentences together can be experienced.
  • Your balance may be off as your equilibrium is affected. You may find that you bump into things or find yourself drifting to one side or another.

In answering the Now What, we envision having a comprehensive concussion care program with a complete suite of services and products to support the publics return to life.

Additional details coming soon.